Generic E-Governance Models

Models of Digital Governance

Digital Governance models keep on expanding and evolving as new applications of ICTs come to light and to deal with new issues in the area of governance. There are no rigid or finite models of Digital Governance. In fact developing countries are experimenting on their own to find which models will works for them and will best serve their needs. Some of these models may be technologically simple but are changing the way information is distributed and used in the society.
 
Based on primary experimentation and secondary research, a few generic models which have emerged and are being practiced have been identified.
 
These Digital Governance models should be examined in light of:
•    Emergence of knowledge societies and knowledge networkers
•    Role of information in governance process, and
•    Link between ICT and governance.


All these models share in common, the inherent characteristics of the new technologies which are: 
•    Enabling equal access to information to anyone who is a linked to the digital network, and
•    De-concentration of information across the entire digital network.
 
In simpler terms:
Information does not reside at any one particular level (or node) in Digital Governance Models but gets distributed across all the nodes- a fundamental change from the current 'hierarchal' information flow structures which leads to unequal distribution of information and opens up greater possibility of its exploitative use at all levels. This distribution of information may happen through direct access to an ICT node, public access or through the use of convergent modes.
 
Generic Models

  • Broadcasting / Wider-Dissemination Model
  • Critical Flow Model
  • Comparative Analysis Model
  •  E-Advocacy/ Lobbying and Pressure Group Model
  • Interactive- Service Model


Each of these models exhibit several variations depending on the local situation and the governance activities being carried out by these models.